Deploy for developers means that we upload the changes we have on our development server or local, to production (your hosting provider usually).
There are many ways to do this: ftp, scp, Git, Fabric, Envoy, rsync, etc. Today I want to show you the script I use on every web project to upload changes, based on rsync. For me it's the easier and safer method.
What I do is create two files in each project: deploy.sh and .rsignore. The first one I invoke every time I want to upload the changes to the production server, and the second one is where I add each file or directory I want to ignore when deploy.
# Files to ignore using rsync .rsignore .git .gitattributes .gitignore .env* .DS_Store *.sql *.zip deploy.sh
The next deploy.sh example file is the script I use with my Raspberry Pi when I want to share a website with a client in a particular way to show my progress. I've tested in macOS, but should work with any Linux distribution.
#! /usr/bin/env bash # # Description : Copy dir with rsync and exclude files-folders inside .rsignore in your project # Author : Jose Cerrejon Gonzalez (ulysess@gmail_dot._com) # # HELP: # # * Run on Desktop: # ssh-keygen -b 2048 -t rsa -f id_pi -P "" # ssh email@example.com < ~/.ssh/id_pi.pub 'mkdir -p .ssh && cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys' # * Edit on Desktop: ~/.ssh/config and add your host: # Host myrpi # HostName 192.168.1.2 # Port 22 # User pi # IdentitiesOnly yes # IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_pi # # * Copy this file in your project dir # RSIGNORE=$(pwd)"/.rsignore" PARAM_EXCLUDE="" SSH_HOST="myrpi" DESTINATION="~/public_html" if [[ -e $RSIGNORE ]]; then PARAM_EXCLUDE=" --exclude-from $RSIGNORE" fi echo -e "Listing files to add/update...\n" rsOutput=$(rsync $PARAM_EXCLUDE -zcrSLh --dry-run --out-format=" * %n%L [%M]" ./ $SSH_HOST:$DESTINATION) if [[ $rsOutput = "" ]]; then echo "Nothing to update."; exit fi echo "$rsOutput" ; echo read -p "Are you sure you want to update? [y/n] " option case "$option" in y*) rsync $PARAM_EXCLUDE -vzcrSLh ./ $SSH_HOST:$DESTINATION;; esac
What method do you use when deploy?. See you in the comments.
Link: computerhope.com > rsync